Eva-Mari Aro
Academician, professor

Professor, Molecular Plant Biology (Department of Biochemistry)
Molecular Plant Biology
evaaro@utu.fi
+358 29 450 4200
+358 50 439 4639

Tykistökatu 6
Turku
Biocity
Office: 6207


Areas of expertise
Photosynthesis; Plant molecular biology; Synthetic Biology

Biography





Eva-Mari Aro is a professor of Plant Molecular Biology in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Turku. She received the honorary title of Academician of Science in 2017 from the president of Finland and has served for fifteen years as an Academy Professor. Aro is a highly cited researcher and has published over 300 peer reviewed scientific papers, mostly on the structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus and how to enhance photosynthesis for production of clean energy in order to replace the fossil fuels. Aro currently chairs both the Academy of Finland Center of Excellence (CoE) and the Nordic CoE NordAqua, and is a partner of an Australian (ARC) CoE on Plant Energy Biology. She has been a president of the International Society of Photosynthesis Research and the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters. In 2018 Aro was invited as foreign fellow to the US National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and is an honorary doctor of the Chinese Academy of Science, Umeå University and the University of Helsinki. Currently she is also a vice president of the European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC).










Research

Our basic research focuses on regulation of photosynthesis, which is intimately linked with plant stress responses and signalling cascades to regulate nuclear gene expression. Particular emphasis is also put on evolutionary aspects of regulation of thylakoid light harvesting and energy conversion systems. A diverse set of photoautotrophic oxygen evolving organisms, from cyanobacteria, green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and diatoms to a moss Physcomitrella patens and ferns as well as to the model higher plants Arabidopsis thaliana and spruce, are used in our research. We aim at understanding (i) the mechanisms and dynamic regulation of the rapid photophysical and photochemical processes of the light energy capture and the photosynthetic electron transfer, (ii) how the structure and organisation of the thylakoid protein complexes dynamically respond to environmental changes, and (iii) how the signals originating from the photosynthetic apparatus relay information to the nuclear genome for regulation of gene expression and subsequent acclimation of the photosynthetic organism to changing environmental conditions. Likewise (iv) the evolution of thylakoid regulatory mechanisms, with special emphasis on the replacement of the cyanobacterial flavodiiron proteins with other regulatory mechanisms in higher plants, is investigated to understand how it was possible for photosynthetic organisms to move from oceans to the land.

Our applied research focuses on the production of carbon-neutral biosolarfuels and chemicals using cyanobacteria as a production chassis. In the synthetic biology program, we aim at production of fuels and chemicals with high photon conversion efficiency, significantly higher compared to natural pathways. The main goal is economically viable conversion of solar energy to a fuel using inexhaustible raw materials: sunlight, water and CO2. Applied research is intimately integrated with our basic research and comprises the designing, engineering and optimisation of light harvesting, electron transfer and metabolic pathways.




Publications
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A novel Ca 2+ -binding protein influences photosynthetic electron transport in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 (2019)
BBA - Bioenergetics
Julia Walter, Khaled A. Selim, Francisco Leganés, Francisca Fernández-Piñas, Ute C. Vothknecht, Karl Forchhammer, Eva-Mari Aro, Peter J. Gollan
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Arabidopsis RCD1 coordinates chloroplast and mitochondrial functions through interaction with ANAC transcription factors (2019)
eLife
Alexey Shapiguzov, Julia P Vainonen, Kerri Hunter, Helena Tossavainen, Arjun Tiwari, Sari Järvi, Maarit Hellman, Fayezeh Aarabi, Saleh Alseekh, Brecht Wybouw, Katrien Van Der Kelen, Lauri Nikkanen, Julia Krasensky-Wrzaczek, Nina Sipari, Markku Keinänen, Esa Tyystjärvi, Eevi Rintamäki, Bert De Rybel, Jarkko Salojärvi, Frank Van Breusegem, Alisdair R Fernie, Mikael Brosché, Perttu Permi, Eva-Mari Aro, Michael Wrzaczek, Jaakko Kangasjärvi
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Enhanced stable production of ethylene in photosynthetic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (2019)
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Veronica Carbonell, Eerika Vuorio, Eva-Mari Aro, Pauli Kallio
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Global proteome response of Synechocystis 6803 to extreme copper environments applied to control the activity of the inducible petJ promoter (2019)
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Angeleri M., Muth-Pawlak D., Wilde A., Aro E-M., Battchikova N.
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

A LHCB9-dependent photosystem I megacomplex induced under low light in Physcomitrella patens (2018)
Nature Plants
Pinnola Alberta, Alboresi Alessandro, Nosek Lukáš, Semchonok Dmitry, Rameez Arshad, Trotta Andrea, Barozzi Fabrizio, Kouřil Roman, Dall’Osto Luca, Aro Eva-Mari, Boekema Egbert J., Bassi Roberto
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Analysis of thylakoid membrane protein complexes by blue native gel electrophoresis (2018)
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Rantala M., Paakkarinen V., Aro E.
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

A new approach for sustained and efficient H2 photoproduction by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (2018)
Energy and Environmental Science
Kosourov S, Jokel M, Aro E, Allahverdiyeva Y
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Comparison of ethanol tolerance between potential cyanobacterial production hosts (2018)
Journal of Biotechnology
Jari Kämäräinen, Matts Nylund, Eva-Mari Aro, Pauli Kallio
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Consequences of photosystem I damage and repair on photosynthesis and carbon utilisation in Arabidopsis thaliana (2018)
Plant Journal
Yugo Lima‐Melo, Peter J. Gollan, Mikko Tikkanen, Joaquim A. G. Silveira, Eva‐Mari Aro
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Enhancing power density of biophotovoltaics by decoupling storage and power delivery (2018) Saar KL, Bombelli P, Lea-Smith DJ, Call T, Aro EM, Muller T, Howe CJ, Knowles TPJ
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Factors affecting photobiological hydrogen production in five filamentous cyanobacteria from Thailand (2018)
Photosynthetica
Yodsang P, Raksajit W, Aro EM, Maenpaa P, Incharoensakdi A
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Hunting the main player enabling Chlamydomonas reinhardtii growth under fluctuating light (2018)
Plant Journal
Martina Jokel, Xenie Johnson, Gilles Peltier, Eva‐Mari Aro, Yagut Allahverdiyeva
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Interplay of SpkG kinase and the Slr0151 protein in the phosphorylation of ferredoxin 5 in Synechocystis sp strain PCC 6803 (2018)
FEBS Letters
Martina Angeleri, Anna Zorina, Eva-Mari Aro, Natalia Battchikova
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

In the lycophyte Selaginella martensii is the "extra-qT" related to energy spillover? Insights into photoprotection in ancestral vascular plants (2018)
Environmental and Experimental Botany
Ferroni L., Cucuzza S., Angeleri M., Aro E., Pagliano C., Giovanardi M., Baldisserotto C., Pancaldi S.
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Mechanisms of Photodamage and Protein Turnover in Photoinhibition (2018)
Trends in Plant Science
Lei Li, Eva-Mari Aro, A. Harvey Millar
(
A2 Review article in a scientific journal)

Proteomics of cyanobacteria: current horizons (2018)
Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Natalia Battchikova, Dorota Muth-Pawlak, Eva-Mari Aro
(
A2 Review article in a scientific journal)

Regulation of cyclic electron flow by chloroplast NADPH-dependent thioredoxin system (2018) Nikkanen L, Toivola J, Trotta A, Diaz MG, Tikkanen M, Aro E, Rintamäki E
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Role of cyclic and pseudo-cyclic electron transport in response to dynamic light changes in Physcomitrella patens (2018)
Plant, Cell and Environment
Storti M, Alboresi A, Gerotto C, Aro EM, Finazzi G, Morosinotto T
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Separation of Thylakoid Protein Complexes with Two-dimensional Native-PAGE (2018)
Bio-protocol
Marjaana Rantala, Virpi Paakkarinen, Eva-Mari Aro
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)

Translation efficiency of heterologous proteins is significantly affected by the genetic context of RBS sequences in engineered cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 (2018)
Microbial Cell Factories
Kati Thiel, Edita Mulaku, Hariharan Dandapani, Csaba Nagy, Eva-Mari Aro, Pauli Kallio
(
A1 Journal article – refereed)


Last updated on 2019-23-07 at 02:19